Chronic bronchitis and Acute bronchitis. Symptoms.

Acute bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis.

Symptoms of acute bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis Symptoms depend on the type of disease that caused bronchitis. Based on the fact that the vast majority of cases of acute bronchitis is the result of acute respiratory infections (ARI difference between SARS and here), in this article we will take a closer look at the symptoms of acute bronchitis during various acute respiratory infections (ARI).
As is known, OCR can be triggered by various types of viruses and bacteria. Some of them are deposited in the bronchi (e.g., influenza virus, RS virus infection, measles virus), virus causing acute bronchitis. Against the background of the current viral infection bronchial mucosa becomes extremely sensitive to bacteria, so a viral infection of the bronchi in most cases will join a bacterial infection. This fact determines the change in the symptoms of acute bronchitis (We will discuss them below) and the need to change the tactics of treatment (see. «Treatment of acute bronchitis»).
Thus, acute bronchitis on the background of ARI dominated these symptoms:

Coughing — is the main symptom of bronchitis, both acute and chronic. In acute viral bronchitis (for example, during the flu) in the first days of the disease cough is dry, haunting. This cough can often be the cause of restless sleep, or vomiting in children. In the following days, the cough becomes wet ARD — begins to stand out phlegm (white and green color) — a sign of additional bacterial infection. Cough is not as agonizing as dry and in most cases the patient brings relief.

An increase in temperature — is a constant symptom of acute respiratory infections and acute bronchitis. Depending on the type of OCR fever may vary from 38.5? C infection with RS-40? C and above the flu. To learn more about the different types of SARS and how to distinguish them, and why this is important, we recommend you refer to our article «Diagnosis of influenza and SARS»

Quite often, acute bronchitis may occur as an independent ARI bacterial origin. In this disease (acute bronchitis) accompanied by a slight rise in temperature, wet cough, headache, weakness. Many patients (especially adults) can transfer the disease, as they say «on your feet» attributing cough and common cold temperature.
Cough in acute bronchitis can last 1-2 weeks, or a few more. If the cough had not gone in three weeks, talking about the current sluggish bronchitis, the appearance of which shows a decline in the body’s regenerative abilities and high risk transition bronchitis chronic.
Usually for acute bronchitis (especially when adequate treatment) favorable. However, in some cases, acute bronchitis can cause complications such as pneumonia, bronchiolitis, details of which you can read in the relevant sections Polismed.
Believe it is important to draw the reader’s attention to the need to distinguish between acute bronchitis (his current, as already mentioned, in most cases favorable) from other diseases with similar symptoms: pneumonia, miliary tuberculosis, allergic bronchitis. In the table below, we suggest to familiarize with the distinctive features of these diseases.

In acute bronchitis, a sharp rise in temperature (up to 38,5-39), low chest cough, malaise. At the beginning of the disease cough may be dry, but gradually becomes wet. Acute bronchitis — a frequent component of the common cold or acute respiratory disease.
Uncomplicated acute bronchitis during takes 7-10 days and usually terminates in complete recovery.

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Symptoms of chronic bronchitis

On chronic bronchitis say in the case when the patient has a chronic cough (more than 3 months in a year) for 2 or more years. Thus, the main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a chronic cough.

Cough in chronic bronchitis dull, deep, amplified in the morning, and in the morning there is copious phlegm cough — it may be a sign of one of the complications of chronic bronchitis — bronchiectasis. Temperature rises in chronic bronchitis is rare and insignificant.
For chronic bronchitis is characterized by alternating periods of exacerbation and remission. AECB are usually associated with episodes of hypothermia, acute respiratory infections, often appear in the cold season.
As in the case of acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis be distinguished from many diseases. Given that the main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a chronic cough, offer readers acquainted with the characteristics of cough during various diseases and principles of their differentiation.

Another common symptom of bronchitis is a progressive shortness of breath. The occurrence of dyspnea associated with the gradual deformation and obstruction (blockage) of the bronchi — obstructive bronchitis. In the initial stages of chronic bronchitis bronchial obstruction is reversible — after treatment and mucus breathing is restored. In the later stages of chronic bronchitis (usually without any treatment) becomes irreversible bronchial obstruction due to deformation and contraction of bronchial walls. In chronic obstructive bronchitis patients complain of shortness of breath that occurs during physical exertion.

In some cases, when coughing on a background of chronic bronchitis, sputum may be present traces of blood: in such cases, the patient urgently need to see a doctor to rule out tuberculosis or lung cancer, which is also manifested cough and bloody sputum (gemoptiziya).

In the long chronic bronchitis becomes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is currently considered as a separate disease respiratory sistemy.Hronichesky bronchitis develops mainly in adults and is the result of numerous episodes of acute bronchitis or prolonged exposure to bronchial irritants (dust, tobacco smoke).
The main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a chronic cough that is present for several months to 2 years in a row. In chronic bronchitis, cough wet, with copious purulent sputum, stronger in the morning. In the long chronic bronchitis becomes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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