Cracked nipples. Causes of cracked nipples. Symptoms and complications cracked nipples.

Cracked nipples — defect, damage the integrity of the skin on the breast nipple. Shows sharp tenderness radiating to the shoulder blade while feeding the baby. May complicate the infection of wounds, the development of candidiasis on the nipple, mastitis. When infected crack is danger of infection of the child during feeding. May lead to the abandonment of breastfeeding.

Medicine implicitly recognizes the benefits of breastfeeding over artificial and encourages all healthy mothers to breastfeed as much as possible, even if it gives a woman some inconveniences: the discomfort until the pain when feeding in the early days (when designing the nipple and breast ducts). Most often, these problems disappear after a few days, and feeding ceases to hurt. However, sometimes as a result of mismanagement applying the baby to the breast nipple cracks occur.

In addition to violations of the art feeding, cracks on the nipples can contribute to hypovitaminosis, malaise. Cracks often occur in women with the nature of the inverted nipples immature, thin-skinned sensitive skin, weakened neuromuscular system. Excitable baby can damage the nipple during feeding, the development of cracks may contribute to poor hygiene nipples.

Causes of cracked nipples

The main reason for the appearance of cracks — is insufficient grip baby breast during feeding. With the right application to the breast nipple rests against the sky, a baby in a fixed stationary position, the child squeezes jaws areola, promoting expired milk. The lower lip is tucked child. If the nipple is not nested to the proper depth, it is the language, gaining mobility, lower lip hurts nipple and areola, and the jaws compress the chest in the most sensitive and easily damaged spot. As a result of constant irritation of the nipple and areola areas are damaged skin — cracks. When feeding the wrong no matter the duration of feeding, even if you follow the recommendations of Obstetricians and feed no more than three minutes, the regular irritation of delicate areas of the nipple is still causing damage. Properly attached to the chest baby can suckle any amount of time and do not cause any damage to the mother.

The second common cause of cracked nipples may be incorrect weaning. Often when feeding moms do not support the child head, and his stomach did not have to imagine, but up. As a result, at the end of the feeding, the baby turns away from the breast, nipple clamping jaw. There is pressure on the nipple, not intended for this purpose. Also happens when mom pulls the baby nipple and the baby tries to restrain him, clenching of the jaw.

Proper breastfeeding. Thus, the correct position of the baby at feeding: keep the baby belly to his mother, as close to the chest and head support. If you need to interrupt feeding before the baby itself will release the nipple, it is necessary to fix the half-open jaws, entering between the little finger and clean, then get the nipple.

Another uncommon cause may become excessively frequent washing nipples. Modern medicine does not support the need to wash your breasts after each feeding. With frequent washing with teats washed away their natural lubricant that secrete special glands in the skin of the areola (Montgomery glands) and nipples are losing one of the natural defense mechanisms. This grease besides softening properties, has an antiseptic effect and protects nipples from many microorganisms. To comply with the rules of hygiene is enough to observe normal daily toilet chest.

Also outdated recommendation lubricate nipples cracked green paint. This measure, though disinfects the area of cracks, only exacerbates skin irritation and promotes the appearance of new lesions and progression available.

Among other things, doctors do not recommend feeding mothers constant wearing pads for breasts that get wet, getting favorable environment for bacteria and irritate the nipple. When the milk is better to use pads made from natural, breathable fabrics.

Cracks can also develop when feeding older children as a result of bites erupted teeth.

Promotes the appearance of cracked nipples evolved thrush.

Symptoms of cracked nipples

Cracked nipples are a single or multiple skin lesions of different depths of one or both nipples. Cracks can be superficial, and deep into the subcutaneous layers. If damaged, subcutaneous capillary network crack can bleed. Joining infection causes inflammation of the nipple: tissue infiltration, hyperemia, the formation of erosions and ulcerations, purulent discharge. Infection cracks (especially fungal) can cause mastitis.

Characterized soreness damaged skin, aggravated by feeding and often forcing mothers stop breastfeeding.

Complications cracked nipples

Cracked nipples are complicated by the addition of infection to the development of mammary gland inflammation (mastitis) up to the formation of pus hearth. The infection can be passed from mother to child. In case of suspected infection of nipples (redness, swelling, fever in areas of inflammation, as well as the general body temperature) should immediately discontinue breast-feeding, and nurture the child passed the rigorous pasteurization expressed milk.

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